الأحداث الضاغطة وعلاقتها بفاعلية الذات لدى طلبة المرحلة الإعدادية pdf
The pressure Events considered as a huge dangerous on the health of a human and his balance as well as terrorized psychological identity as are sult for a negative effect as weakness ability for adaptation and a weakness the level of performance, handicapped for practicing his work and reducing motivation and ability for performance, consciousness psychological a hardness pressure .The life situations and psychological and crises and hardness experiences that led to a higher average for suffering a psychological disorders for the persons in general .The pressure experiences from wars, economical crises considered as areas ring factors for refusing and the human life became in fulfillment for the situation and Events as a stimuli as well as considered hardness or happy or normality but it make him in all matters in a situation was difficult to avoid these pressures.The crises and events explore a psychological identity on the self as a bereavement, sacrificing versus may exploring conscious ness fear and anxiety .The wars and economic crises through the insurance of the world researches make floor in made of a society for a violence that has a negative reflexes for achievement motive .Bandura indicated even though (1982)Increasing self efficacy that led to increasing the person ability to facing the pressures and situations terrorized .The self efficacy not determine of with the especial situation that not considered as total for personality. The efficacy determined with the limited effort that the person suffered formal and the long of time that the persons facing their obstacles.The problem of the current Research was in answering to the following question :Is there any correlation relation between the pressure Events and self efficacy?The aims of the research are :1.Identifying the pressure events for the students in preparatory schools.2.Identifying the differences with the statistical significant according to the variables (gender male – female) and specialist (human – scientific).3.Identifying the self efficacy for students in preparatory schools.4.Identifying the differences with the statistical significant according to the gender (male- female) and specialists (human-scientific) 5.Identifying the nature of correlation relationship between the pressure events and self efficacy according to the variables gender (male-female) and specialists (human – scientific) for students in preparatory schools.For investigating the aims of the current research the researcher was built a scale on self efficacy and adopted a scale for pressure Events by AL-simiri & Abu Nadhmi (2007) the researcher investigated for a psychometric characteristics then investing for the validity by two ways, one of them face validity and constructing validity by exposed the scales for many exports in Education and psychology, the constructing validity depended on finding correlation between the item and the total degree for the field and the correlation between the item and the total degree for the scale, then the researcher investigated for the reliability by two ways, test & Retest method and Alpha-Chronbach, then the researcher used a statistical tool such as (person correlation coefficient. T. test for one sample T. test for two in dependent samples Analysis of two variance. Shieva equal and Alpha-Chronbach, the researcher manipulated data statistically by using (SPPS) program.For achieving aims of the Research the researcher constructed scale of theory then adopted scale of pressure events by using scale for (Alsimiri & Abu Nadhm , 2007) then revealed the validity by exposing the scales on experts in psychology, evolution and measurement, and the constructed validity item score and total score for scale then revealed consistency by Test & Retest method, the coefficient of consistent was been (0.75) for security field, economic field (0.76) and psychological field (0.78), the academic field (0.71) and family field (0.73) social field (0.79) and health field (0.75) , the coefficient of consistent by Alph-Chronbach in security field (0.79) in economic field (0.75) , psychological field (0.81) in academic files (0.78) in family field (0.80) in social field (0.85) in health field (0.82) .The coefficient of consistent for scale of self efficacy in test Retest method was been (0.81) . mean while coefficient of consistent in Alpha-Chronbach was been (0.83). The researcher was applied the scales on sample of the research was been (300) students in reparatory stage after investigation for the psychometric characteristics.The results show as follows :1.The stress Events is available with the students in the reparatory schools.2.The students have loses self Efficiency in the preparatory schools the mean was (0.184) less than hypothesis mean for the all sample was (92.5).3.There are no differences with the statistical significance between pressure Events and self efficiency in the (secret field) according to variables to the Gender and especialisation .4.There are no differences with the statistical significance between the pressure Events and self efficiency according to variables gender & especialisation.5.There are no differences with the statistical significance between the pressure events(social field) and self efficiency according to variables gender and especialisation.6.There are no differences with the statistical significance between the pressure Events (psychological field) and self efficiency according to variables (gender & especialisation) male & female (human & scientific) .7.There are no differences with the statistical significance between the pressure events (studying field) and self efficiency according to variables gender (male & female) & especialisation (human & scientific).8.There are no differences with the statistical significance between the pressure events (family field) and self efficiency according to variables gender (male & female) and especialisation (human, scientific).9.There are no differences with the statistical significance between the pressure Events (health field) and self Efficiency according to variables gender (male & female) and especialisation (human & scientific) .10.There apposite relation between the pressure Events and self efficiency.The current research reached to many conclusions, recommend a lions and suggestion.
باسم رسول كريم
مجلة الاستاذ - جامعة بغداد
المجلد ، العدد 203
المجلات الاكاديمية العلمية العراقية
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