أثر حركة قرامطة البحرين على الحج pdf
This research deals with Karamathians activity and their appearance in Iraq when one of their leader in AI-Ahwaz City named Abdulla Bin AL-Karah continued in spreading Karamathian activity till he died. His son. Ahmad replaced him and became the chief of Karamathian movement and made extensive efforts in spreading and expanding the movement.The movements became a base that contains twelve heads. Karamathians' thought is similar to Ismaeelias. Karamathians activity is claimed to be apart of Al-Ismaeelia. The activity moved to Bahrain which became the center of the activity. This activity became the most dangerous activitiy that outlawed Abbaside caliphate because of its threats to cities and regions specially to pilgrim caravans heading for holy Makah. When Abu Said Al-Janabi control Bahrain he began to attack pligrim caravans till the year (317A.H/913A.D.) afterward his son Abu Tahir Al-Janabee took the leading of the activity, he followed the suit of his ancestor to opposing the Abbaside Caliphate. Similarly he continued attacking and supplying military expeditions against pilgrims caravans. In the year (317A.H./929A.D.) sacred Makah was attacked by Karamathian and many pilgrims were killed Abu Tahir AL-Janabee also stole the black stone. He died in (334A.H./ 942A.D.).What followed shows to us how Karamathians were able to delay and prevent Muslims from performing pilgrimage duty and it is one of Muslims religion obligations. The reason behind that was probably religion, political and economic motives.
سعدي محمد علي
مجلة اداب الرافدين - جامعة الموصل
المجلد ، العدد 49
المجلات الاكاديمية العلمية العراقية
- رابط الدراسةhttps://www.iasj.net/iasj/download/fb9b5029d0705347