البعد الإيديولوجي لعلم الاجتماع: دراسة في النظرية الاجتماعية pdf
All of us bear ideology consciously or unconsciously. All of us relate to and respect certain values such as freedom, equality, authority, and so on. Some other carry tribal things, even those who deny that or claim that they have liberated from it. So, we look at the world through our beliefs and ideas, all of us associate with those who hold similar ideas to us, and more than that, all of us look at sensitive issues such as homeland, religion, nationality. Thus our beliefs create us and determine our choices and behaviors. Without ideology we are individuals without conscience, leadership, and order. Without it also, we do not have a perception towards others and the world which we want to establish. Thus ideology creates our motivations and positions at both individual and institutional levels. The inventor of the concept ideology Destutt detracy in his book Principles of Ideology argues that ideology is the science of beliefs. Thus the theorist or thinker is a product of those beliefs and it is natural for ideology to affect his or her views about society and subsequently imposes on him or her concentration on some of the variables of reality as the most effective variables. If the ideological function of a theory was one of its functions, the focus on ideology—as the main focus—was one of the practices that have precluded the growth of theory in western context and our reality in Middle East. But, can we conclude that the objective fact has no existence? And subsequently we should avoid the search for it? Is it possible to establish on the principle of relativism? All theories are intellectual structures without having any link to the objective reality. And subsequently as a matter of principle they are all equal. The researcher accordingly studies the relationship between ideology and sociology to understand the nature of ideology and its contribution to directing of theory, method, and research. The research also examines how this relationship has affected the scientific and objective dimensions of study and research. He tries to understand the position of sociologists in the countries of the world about the current sociological theories and their success in founding a unified sociology which is far from ideological orientation and studying social phenomena and issues as they exist in reality objectively. The study examines this relationship as follows:1.Sociological studying of ideology (concept and beginning)2.Characteristics and functions of ideology3.Ideology and the sociological theory4.Ideology and sociological research5.The demise of ideology in sociological studiesThe study concludes that sociology in recent stage is occupied with theories carry different insights of reality. These insights occasionally reach to a point of comparison. It is logical that the debate and dialogue between these multi theories help in developing a general and comprehensive theory. This is conditioned by the necessity of three issues: the first is the necessity of avoidance from the ideological debate as a beginning to the connection of different theories. This relates to the necessity of avoidance from ideological debate in the context of the debate over theoretical issues. The second emphasizes on the necessity of commitment to the dynamic nature of the variables of reality. The third focuses on the necessity of commitment to the rules of scientific methodology in dealing with theoretical structures.
طاهر حسو الزيباري
مجلة اداب الرافدين - جامعة الموصل
المجلد ، العدد 57
المجلات الاكاديمية العلمية العراقية
- رابط الدراسةhttps://www.iasj.net/iasj/download/cf82d3928074d8f1