الرؤية السياسية عند ابن الطِقْطِقَى في ظل واقع السيطرة المغولية pdf
Ibn AL-Taqtaq's is one of the scholars and men of letters who try to adapt themselves to the new situation represented in the Mongol's occupation of many Islamic lands and the fall of the Islamic Abbassid Caliphate in Baghdad(656AH-1258AD). The political and ideological changes imposed by the Mongol especially in the ruling and administrative systems have greatly affected the political vision of Ibn AL-Taqtaq's in his book (Al- Fakhri fi al-Ădāb al- Sultāniya wal- Duwal al- Islāmia). (lit. The Honorary in the Sultanic Ethics and Islamic States). The vision turns out harmonious with the new changes. It crystallizes Ibn al-Taktaki's attitude toward that rule. Ibn AL-Taqtaq's political vision is basically characterized by three characters. The first lies in establishing juristic bases for the Mongol rule. Ibn AL-Taqtaq's state that for a rule to be juristic it must exhibit the ten characteristics of reason, justice, knowledge, piety, forgiveness, generosity, solemnity, policy, fidelity, and the ability to fathom mysterious matters. The second base, however, is providing the advice and instruction that help rulers in general and Mongol rulers in particular keep to their rule through emphasizing the importance of justice, knowledge, autocracy, consultation and forgiveness. As for the third base, it encourages the ruler to treat his subjects with kindness, mercy and justice to maintain security and stability and consequently stable authority.
محمد خالد عبد
مجلة اداب الرافدين - جامعة الموصل
المجلد ، العدد 62
المجلات الاكاديمية العلمية العراقية
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