موقف ابي الطيب المتنبي من حساده (303- 354 هـ) عرض ودراسة وتحليل pdf
The peculiar character of Almutanabi and his art has caused agreat and vast dispute among the political، the social and the artisticentities. Since this poet strove very hard to build a society that isbased on excellent ethics and virtuous values. He used to enjoynumerous attributes، a number of poets were lacking. Some ofwhich are the following: his ambitions، his aspirations، his dreams،his eloquence، his self-confidence، his excellent individualitycompared to his peers، his distinguished and unique charactercompared to the youths in his generation، his physical power، hisaspiration، his determination، his chivalrous character، his geniusmind، his skills، his self-esteem and superciliousness، his noblecharacter in refusing to indulge in west-time circles، and his refusalto describe other than kings and princes (only those who enjoyhaughty characters)، i.e. those whom he prescribed on them hisspecific conditions- these conditions which no poet dared to laydown before him nor after him، and they (kings and princes)accepted these conditions and not only they accepted them but alsothey were eager to gain his pleasure in the hope to be described inone of his sublime poems. Due to all the previous، the envious -gloating/rejoicing over another’s grief (schadenfreude)- rivalsstarted to plot against him، and feel rancor towards him، and accusehim with false accusations، because he stood as an obstacle betweenthem and the ruling class، and because of him they were deprivedfrom the prizes and gifts، and he was a cause in the ignorance oftheir poems and their being driven away from the courts of such(kings and princes)، because such poets failed to keep up or compete with him. Almutanabi discovered them and showed thereasons of their jealousy، and despite of that sometimes he justignored them and sometimes he found excuses for them، but inother times – when he saw their persistent envy، their ignorantminds، their corruption، and their trifle conducts have extended andspread and started bothering him when reached to the men of powerhe retaliated with might and harshness so that he may repulse themand cause them to shut their faces up، and convince them، but indoing that he never cursed them nor used bad language with them،and in doing that he kept his excellent principles and great ethicsthat he subscribes to and believes in، understanding the loftyposition he and his art occupy in the hearts of all the just people،the readers of his poetry.
هاشم صالح مناع
مجلة اداب الرافدين - جامعة الموصل
المجلد ، العدد 67
المجلات الاكاديمية العلمية العراقية
- رابط الدراسةhttps://www.iasj.net/iasj/download/6e9abcef1bfe440a