التأويـل النحـوي عنـد الأزهـري في كتابه (معاني القراءات)(* pdf
Al-Azhari is Muhammed bin Ahmed bin Abu Mansur Al-harawi Al-Shafii, the linguist. He was born in (282) A. H. in Hurat, one of the famous Khurasan's cities. He brought up in it and received science from its old men and scientists. He also became famous in philology and Hadith. However, he skilled in linguistics and even a number of his translators introduced him as a linguist in identifying him. His fame in philology come after his fame in linguistics. He is one of the four leaders of language, who are agreed on their favour, knowledge and authenticity with them. He is an authority of what he transfers of Arab speech.One of his famous old men is Al-Husein bin Idris, Abu Ali Al-Ansari Al-harawi (died in 301 A. H.), Abdul-allah bin Aurua Al-harawi (died in 311 A. H.), Abu Al-Qasim Abdul-allah bin Muhammed bin Al-murzaban Al-bagdawi (died in 317) and others. He taught many students who became famous leaders such as Junada bin Muhammed bin Al-Husein Al-Harawi (died in 399 A.H.) Abu Aubied bin Ahmed bin Muhammed Al-Harawi Al-shafii (died in 401 A.H.), Abu-Alhasan Ali bin Muhammed Al-Harawi (died in 429 A.H.), Istaq bin Abi Ishaq Al-Qrab (died in 429 A.H.), Abu Othman Al-Quraishi Al-Harawi (died in 433 A.H.), Abu-Thar Abed bin Ahmed Al-Harawi Al-Ansari (died in 434 A.H.) and others.Al-Azhari had left a huge scientific literature in various fields. His famous books are: (Correction of the language), (The flourised in strange words of Al-shafii), (The readings and faults of the grammarians.) which named (Faults of Readings).His book (Meaning of Readings) which is the field of our investigation beside his other books are witness of his wide-experience and knowledge in the language. Al-Azhari tackled in this book the meaning of the seven known readings that are readings of Ibn Amer (died in 118 A.H.), Ibn Kather (died in 120 A.H.) Asim (died in 127 A.H.), Abi Amru (died in 154 A.H), Hamza (died 156 A.H), Nafia (died in 169 A.H.) and Al-Kisai (died in 189 A.H.), adding to it reading of Ya'aqubi Al-hadhrami (died in 205 A.H.), explaining what is related with the meaning of each reading in phonology, morphology, grammar and semantics. The linguist sections varied in this book. The grammatical sections have their clear importance in grammatical interpretation which is considered obvious phenomenon in Al-azhari's book (Meaning of Readings) and this is the subject of this research which will concern with.
مجلة اداب الرافدين - جامعة الموصل
المجلد ، العدد 51
المجلات الاكاديمية العلمية العراقية
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